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Remarks: Joe Biden Addresses the 70th Anniversary of Brown vs. Board of Education - May 17, 2024

  • Joe Biden
    Person
Very Positive

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:00:00-00:00:27 (27 sec)
My name is Joe Biden -- [laughter] -- and I'm a lifetime member of the NAACP. [Applause] But I said that a little earlier to the president, and he said, "Are your dues paid up?" I got to check. [Laughter] Oh, my Lord. 1

Joe Biden

Positive
00:00:27-00:00:47 (20 sec)
So many -- so many people here today. You changed the world. Seventy years ago, you changed -- I say "the world." That's not hyperbole. I'm not exaggerating. You not only changed the United States, you changed our role in the world in a fundamental way. I know there's a lot more to do. 2

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:00:47-00:00:55 (7 sec)
President Johnson, that introduction -- thank you for your leadership. But most importantly, for the NAACP. 3

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:00:55-00:01:04 (10 sec)
It's an honor to be with all of you here at the National Museum of American -- African American History and Culture. Remember we were trying to get this built for years? It's pretty neat, isn't it? Huh? [Applause] 4

Joe Biden

Positive
00:01:04-00:01:11 (6 sec)
And, by the way, I want to thank the staff who runs this place. They do an incredible job. 5

Joe Biden

Neutral
00:01:11-00:01:31 (20 sec)
Together, the NAACP and this museum are monuments to the power of Black history. And Black history is American history. It's American. [Applause] No, I -- it's a really important thing to continue to -- we have a whole group of people out there trying to rewrite history, trying to erase history. 6

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:01:31-00:01:37 (6 sec)
It's a tribute to heroes known and unknown who pursued our nation's North Star. 7

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:01:37-00:01:59 (22 sec)
We're unique among all nations in the world, and I mean that. Every other nation is based on ethnicity, bas- -- based on religion and other things, but we're the only one based on an idea: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, and should be treated equally their whole lives -- throughout their life. 8

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:01:59-00:02:09 (10 sec)
We've never fully lived up to that idea, to state the obvious, but we've never walked away from it either because of so many of you in this room and so many more. [Applause] 9

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:02:09-00:02:24 (15 sec)
Seventy years ago, when the Supreme Court ruled on Brown v. the Board of Education that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, a prayer was answered in a long struggle for freedom. 10

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:02:24-00:02:40 (16 sec)
Yesterday, I welcomed the family of plaintiffs of that landmark case to the White House, to the Oval Office -- their office. Once upon a time, they were excluded from certain classrooms. But 70 years later, they're inside the most important room of all, the Oval Office, where they belong. [Applause] 11

Joe Biden

Positive
00:02:40-00:02:54 (14 sec)
They're a living reminder that "once upon a time" wasn't that long ago. And all the progress we've made is -- still have more to do. And there are still groups that are trying to erase it. 12

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:02:54-00:03:23 (29 sec)
You know, one of the cases that led to the landmark decision was in my home state of Delaware. A Black mother from Hockessin, Delaware, joined by parents of eight other students in the -- in Claymont -- the town I moved to when we -- work ran out in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and we moved back in third grade -- moved here in third -- to Delaware in third grade. All in Claymont -- they -- they just wanted a simply proposition: They wanted their kids to be able to attend a school and be treated with dignity and respect. 13

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:03:23-00:03:38 (15 sec)
They asked a man who I looked up to and really admired and helped me out as a young public defender, Louis L. Redding. He was the first man -- the first Black man ever admitted to the practice of law in the state of Delaware -- to say -- and that -- think about that. 14

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:03:38-00:03:55 (17 sec)
Here's the first man -- this guy was brilliant, and he didn't get admitted till after the '50s in Delaware to the -- I mean -- well, he enlisted a young Jewish lawyer from the NAACP named Jack Greenberg to help him devise a legal strategy to get rid of the racial segregation in Delaware schools. 15

Joe Biden

Slightly Positive
00:03:55-00:04:16 (21 sec)
In 1952, in Delaware, for the first time in our country's history, in Bulah v. Gebhart and Belton v. Gebhart -- and, by the way, any Delawareans here today? Gr- -- all right. [Applause] First time ever segregated white public schools were ordered to admit Black children. 16

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:04:16-00:04:35 (19 sec)
Louis L. Redding's argument in those early Delaware cases laid the legal framework for Brown v. the Board. His story, a timeless truth about America: When we make real the promise of America for all Americans, the nation changes for the better. Everything from the economy to everything grows -- everything grows. 17

Joe Biden

Slightly Positive
00:04:35-00:04:45 (10 sec)
After Brown vs. Board decision, the public schools gradually and often much too slowly were integrated. Graduation rates for Black and Latino students increased significantly, though. 18

Joe Biden

Positive
00:04:45-00:04:52 (7 sec)
The Brown decision proves a simple idea. We learn better when we learn together. 19

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:04:52-00:04:58 (6 sec)
That's why my administration is increasing funding for schools to bring together students from different backgrounds. 20

Joe Biden

Positive
00:04:58-00:05:11 (13 sec)
My Department of Education is investing $300 million, including another 20 million announced today, to support diversity in our schools. [Applause] 21

Joe Biden

Slightly Positive
00:05:11-00:05:33 (22 sec)
We're also -- we're also funding efforts to increase diversity in the teaching profession itself because, as the president said, Black students -- but especially young Black men were rea- -- re- -- react to Black teachers. S- -- Black students who have Black teachers are significantly more likely to graduate from high school and enroll in college. It makes a difference, and it matters. 22

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:05:33-00:05:52 (19 sec)
My Department of Education provided an additional almost half a billion dollars -- $450 million to ensure teachers in our schools reflect the diversity in our country, and we're just getting started. This money is going to go toward training the next generation of teachers at HBCUs, Tribal colleges, and minority-serving institutions. [Applause] 23

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:05:52-00:06:04 (12 sec)
And, by the way, not because I'm married to one, but we need to give teachers a raise. [Applause] I mean it. 24

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:06:04-00:06:22 (19 sec)
Another lesson from Brown is that every child deserves a quality education. How can we -- think -- think of this in simple terms: How can we have the strongest economy in the world without the best education in the world? [Applause] I mean, it's not possible. That taps into the full talents of our entire nation. 25

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:06:22-00:06:26 (4 sec)
And the answer starts with childhood -- early childhood education. 26

Joe Biden

Slightly Negative
00:06:26-00:06:50 (24 sec)
Because of the nation's legacy of discrimination, the Black children start school with an average of seven months behind their white peers in reading. But one year of universal, high-quality pre-K could eliminate 98 percent of that gap. Just one year. And children who go to preschool are nearly 50 percent more likely to finish high school and go on to earn a two-year or four-year degree no matter what their background is. 27

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:06:50-00:07:13 (23 sec)
That's why my administration is working to support Black children. And as soon as I came into office, I signed the American Rescue Plan. And I'm going to be political by just saying this, because we're having problems -- not one Republican voted for it -- not one. But the American Rescue Plan expanded Child Care Tax Credits that delivered monthly checks to working families that cut Black child poverty in half. [Applause] 28

Joe Biden

Positive
00:07:13-00:07:25 (12 sec)
My Republican friends let it expire. Well, I'm going to keep fighting to reestablish it. We're going to get it reestablished. [Applause] 29

Joe Biden

Neutral
00:07:25-00:07:37 (12 sec)
And I'm going to keep fighting to make sure preschool is universal for every three- and four-year-old in America. We can afford to do this. It's not hard. 30

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:07:37-00:07:45 (7 sec)
Instead of giving multibillion-dollar breaks to the super wealthy, let's make the wealthy began to pay their fair share of taxes. We can afford all this. [Applause] 31

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:07:45-00:08:03 (19 sec)
I'll just slow up for just one second here and ad-lib a little bit here because I'm going to get in trouble for doing -- keeping you longer, but -- [laughter] -- you know, we have a thousand billionaires in America. A thousand. I'm a capitalist. If you can make all that money, fine. Just pay your fair share. [Applause] 32

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:08:03-00:08:28 (24 sec)
But here's the deal, do you know what the tax -- federal tax rate is for a billionaire in America? 8.3 percent. If we just raised it to 25 percent, we'd raise 400 million -- billion dollars over the next 10 years. That could pay for all of this, cut the deficit, and do so much more. Just being -- just pay your fair share. 33

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:08:28-00:08:34 (6 sec)
Look, it's not only good for children; it's good for the country when we have early education, and it grows the economy. 34

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:08:34-00:08:50 (16 sec)
We're also working to ensure every child, no matter what their ZIP Code, has access to a quality education experience in K through 12. [Applause] The American Rescue Plan delivered $130 billion to American schools -- the most ever in funding public education in our nation's history. [Applause] 35

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:08:50-00:09:10 (20 sec)
And we added another $200 -- $2 billion annually to Title I funding to support school students that are most in need. These dollars help for things like tutoring; paying teachers are for -- what they deserve; providing more advanced casework and courseworks as well. 36

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:09:10-00:09:32 (22 sec)
While college degrees are still a ticket to the middle class, that ticket is becoming too expensive. Too many -- too many young people, Black students are dealing with unsustainable debts in exchange for a college degree. That's why my administration has taken the most significant action, notwithstanding the tr- -- the Supreme Court tried to stop me, to provide student debt relief -- the most supreme -- ever. [Applause] 37

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:09:32-00:09:55 (22 sec)
I've been able to relieve $160 billion in student debt -- [applause] -- to over 4.5 million Americans, including a significant number of Black borrowers. That means they can now start a family, buy a home, save for their children's school, gi- -- give back to their communities. 38

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:09:55-00:10:07 (12 sec)
It also increased the maximum Pell Grant to -- by $900 -- the largest increase in a decade. And it matters because over 60 percent of Black students rely on Pell Grants to go to college. 39

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:10:07-00:10:20 (13 sec)
And something I'm really proud of: We're making historic investments in Historic Black Colleges and Universities. [Applause] 40

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:10:20-00:10:45 (25 sec)
Now, I'm from Delaware, so I go along with Delaware State being the best HBCU. [Laughter] Kamala keeps saying it's Howard. [Laughter and applause] And I'm going now -- I'm going to Sunday to make a speech at that other place, that -- that men's col- -- More- -- Morehou- -- [laughter] -- Morehouse! [Laughter and applause] 41

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:10:45-00:10:48 (4 sec)
I got more Morehouse Men in my administration than Morehouse. [Laughter] 42

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:10:48-00:11:00 (12 sec)
But regardless of loyalties, it's clear HBCUs are vital to our nation's progress. [Applause] I mean it. That's not hyperbole. 43

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:11:00-00:11:40 (39 sec)
HBCUs are responsible for 40 percent of Black engineers in America, 50 percent of Black teachers, 70 percent of all Black doctors and dentists, 80 percent of all Black judges -- and, by the way, I put more on the bench than anybody ever has -- [applause] -- and 100 percent of Black vice presidents. [Laughter and applause] You got it. 44

Joe Biden

Leans Negative
00:11:40-00:11:47 (8 sec)
HBCUs also don't have endowments like other colleges and universities that are able to fund research labs and so much more. 45

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:11:47-00:11:52 (5 sec)
Well, Kamala and I made a commitment to lift HBCUs up, and we're keeping that commitment. 46

Joe Biden

Positive
00:11:52-00:12:06 (14 sec)
Today, I'm proud to announce, as was mentioned earlier by the president, that we've invested over $16 billion in HBCUs -- by far the most ever of any administration -- in combination of almost all administrations. [Applause] 47

Joe Biden

Slightly Positive
00:12:06-00:12:23 (17 sec)
This investment has helped HBCUs do everything from build student housing to study climate science to create health research labs, prepare Black students for labs in industries of the future, because they don't have the endowments to do it themselves now. 48

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:12:23-00:12:28 (4 sec)
But let's be clear, I know real power when I see it. 49

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:12:28-00:12:44 (16 sec)
Later today, in the Oval Office, I'll be meeting with the presidents of the Divine Nine. [Applause] You all think I'm kidding, don't you? Well, I'm proud that we're the first admi- -- [Audience member calls out, inaudibly] 50

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:12:44-00:12:45 (1 sec)
You -- you got it. [Audience member calls out, inaudibly.] 51

Joe Biden

Slightly Negative
00:12:45-00:12:55 (9 sec)
[Laughs] I can tell there's no -- anyway. [Laughter] 52

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:12:55-00:13:04 (9 sec)
We're the the first administration in history to have a working group from the Divine Nine in the White House. And I asked them to do that from the very beginning. 53

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:13:04-00:13:11 (8 sec)
But we know, 70 years after Brown v. Board, there are some forces trying to deny freedom of opportunity for all Americans. 54

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:13:11-00:13:21 (9 sec)
A few minutes ago, I talked with some of the Little Rock Nine, who were determined to integrate a public school in Little Rock, Arkansas, 67 years ago. [Applause] 55

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:13:21-00:13:27 (6 sec)
I'd like to recognize them for their courage and her- -- if they -- if they can, would you -- if you're able, please stand and rise so we can all see you. [Applause] 56

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:13:27-00:13:49 (23 sec)
And thank God Eisenhower was president. Thank God we had someone who stood up. 57

Joe Biden

Very Negative
00:13:49-00:13:52 (3 sec)
The Little Rock Nine were met with vitriol and violence. 58

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:13:52-00:14:07 (14 sec)
Today, the resistance comes in other insidious forms. An extreme movement led by my predecessor and his MAGA Republican allies, backed by an extreme Supreme Court, gutted affirmative action in college admissions. 59

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:14:07-00:14:19 (12 sec)
My predecessor and his extreme MAGA friends are now going after diversity, equity, and inclusion all across America. They want a country for some, not for all. 60

Joe Biden

Somewhat Positive
00:14:19-00:14:23 (4 sec)
And let's not kid ourselves, folks. This is the God's truth what I'm saying. 61

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:14:23-00:14:40 (17 sec)
My predecessor and his extreme MAGA friends are responsible for taking away other fundamental freedoms, from the freedom to vote to the freedom to choose. But I've always believed that the promise of America is big enough for everyone to succeed. And I mean that: everyone to succeed. [Applause] 62

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:14:40-00:14:47 (7 sec)
That's what Brown is all about. That's what we're all about. That's what America is about. 63

Joe Biden

Very Negative
00:14:47-00:15:07 (20 sec)
Let me close this. On Sunday, I'm attending the commencement at Morehouse College, one of our nation's most important institutions. Morehouse was founded after our nation's civil war to help prepare Black Americans who were formerly enslaved to enter the ministry, earn an education, and usher them from slavery to freedom. 64

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:15:07-00:15:20 (13 sec)
The founders of Morehouse understood something fundamental: Education is linked to freedom. Because to be free means to have something that no one can ever take away from you. [Applause] 65

Joe Biden

Unknown
00:15:20-00:15:28 (8 sec)
And that's the power of an education. That's why the Brown decision we commemorate today is so important. 66

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:15:28-00:15:40 (12 sec)
The work of building a democracy is -- of possibility, of a democracy worthy of our dreams starts with opening the doors of opportunity for everyone without exception. And we can do it. 67

Joe Biden

Positive
00:15:40-00:15:49 (9 sec)
We just have to remember who we are. We are the United States of America. [Applause] There's nothing beyond our capacity when we decide to work together. 68

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:15:49-00:15:57 (8 sec)
May God bless you all. And thank you all for all the bravery you've demonstrated over the years. And may God protect our troops. 69

Joe Biden

Very Positive
00:15:57-00:16:03 (6 sec)
Thank you, thank you, thank you. [Applause] Proud to be with you. Thank you. 70