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Press Conference: Karine Jean-Pierre Holds a Press Briefing at The White House - September 15, 2023

  • Jake Sullivan
    Person
  • Karine Jean-Pierre
    Person
  • Question
    Person
  • Aide
    Person
Positive

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:00:00-00:00:17 (17 sec)
Good afternoon. Happy Friday. Going to be really quick here at the top. As you can see, we have our National Security Advisor, Jake Sullivan, here. He's going to preview the President's trip next week to the U.N. General Assembly and also take any foreign policy questions you all may have. 1

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:00:17-00:00:20 (3 sec)
Jake. 2

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:00:20-00:00:27 (7 sec)
Thanks, Karine, and good to see you all of you guys again, including those of you who made the around-the-world trip just a few days ago. 3

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:00:27-00:00:59 (33 sec)
As you all know, next week world leaders will convene in New York for the opening of the 78th session of the U.N. General Assembly. President Biden will be in New York through Wednesday. And he's eager to use this trip to advance U.S. interests and values on a range of issues from mobilizing financial resources for the Global South for development and infrastructure needs, to galvanizing cooperation to tackle the climate crisis, to strengthening global support for Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity as it defends itself against Russia's brutal invasion. 4

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:00:59-00:01:11 (12 sec)
At the G20, President Biden announced initiatives that will mobilize significant additional financing for international development from multiple sources, public and private, domestic and international. 5

Jake Sullivan

Somewhat Positive
00:01:11-00:01:23 (12 sec)
And he also reafformed U.S. -- reaffirmed U.S. support for reform and evolution of the multilateral development banks, especially the World Bank, to better serve the needs of poor and middle-income countries. 6

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:01:23-00:01:45 (22 sec)
At this year's General Assembly, the President will build on this theme. He will also reaffirm and advocate for the principles at the core of our international order, including the U.N. Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. And he will underscore the need for the U.N. and all multilateral institutions to be more representative, democratic, and effective. 7

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:01:45-00:02:03 (18 sec)
So, on Tuesday, President Biden will deliver his annual address to the General Assembly. And in that speech, he will lay out for the world the steps that he and his administration have taken to advance a vision of American leadership that is built on the premise of working with others to solve the world's most pressing problems. 8

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:02:03-00:02:13 (9 sec)
We put a lot of points on the board and the President will talk about how those steps -- how all of those steps he's taken so far ladder up to a larger vision. 9

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:02:13-00:02:25 (13 sec)
In addition to speaking before the General Assembly, the President will also meet with United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, and they will cover both immediate hotspots and the longer-term trends. 10

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:02:25-00:02:39 (14 sec)
The President will also meet with the presidents of five Central Asian nations: Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. This will be the first-ever C5+1 presidential summit. 11

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:02:39-00:02:50 (11 sec)
The C5+1 actually began in 2015. It has been strengthened in the years since. And now we will see it come together at the leaders level for the first time. 12

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:02:50-00:03:03 (13 sec)
And this inaugural presidential summit will allow for the leaders to discuss a range of issues, from regional security, to trade and connectivity, to climate change, and ongoing reforms to improve governance and the rule of law. 13

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:03:03-00:03:14 (11 sec)
The President will also host the traditional reception with world leaders, where he'll have the chance to engage with dozens of heads of state in government from around the world. 14

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:03:14-00:03:33 (19 sec)
On Wednesday, the President will have the opportunity to hold a bilateral meeting with President Lula, as well as join him in an event with labor leaders from Brazil and the United States to highlight the central and critical role that workers play in building a sustainable, democratic, equitable, and peaceful world. 15

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:03:33-00:03:59 (26 sec)
Also on Wednesday, President Biden will sit down with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel to discuss a range of bilateral and regional issues focused on the shared democratic values between the United States and Israel and a vision for a more stable and prosperous and integrated region, as well as to compare notes on effectively countering and deterring Iran. 16

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:03:59-00:04:40 (41 sec)
President Biden will then return to Washington to host President Zelenskyy of Ukraine here at the White House on Thursday. And this will be their third meeting here at the White House, and it certainly comes at a critical time, as Russia desperately seeks help from countries like North Korea for its brutal way in Ukraine, as Ukrainian forces continue to make progress in their counteroffensive, and just after the next Ukraine Defense Contact Group meeting that Secretary Austin is organizing with dozens of our allies and partners in Europe earlier next week as we continue to coordinate the provision of arms and equipment to help Ukrainian forces. 17

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:04:40-00:04:59 (19 sec)
President Biden looks forward to hearing President Zelenskyy's perspective on all of this and to reaffirm for the world and for the United States, for the American people his commitment to continuing to lead the world in supporting Ukraine as it defends its independence, its sovereignty, and its territorial integrity. 18

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:04:59-00:05:22 (23 sec)
Let me close with this. President Biden is going to head to New York, head into next week with the United States in a position of strength of confidence; with strong allies, with new partners; with a vision for institutional reform at the U.N., at the World Bank, and elsewhere; with initiatives to deliver on infrastructure, on health, on climate, and other global public goods. 19

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:05:22-00:05:35 (14 sec)
And we see, at this point, more -- a strong demand signal for more American engagement, for more American investment, for more American presence in -- across all continents and all quarters of the world. 20

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:05:35-00:05:39 (4 sec)
So, he is very much looking forward to the opportunity that next week provides. 21

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:05:39-00:05:41 (2 sec)
And, with that, I'd be happy to take your questions. 22

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:05:41-00:05:41 ( sec)
Yeah. 23

Question

Unknown
00:05:41-00:05:50 (9 sec)
What will President Biden's message on Ukraine be at his U.N. speech? And are you preparing a new military package for Ukraine? 24

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:05:50-00:06:11 (21 sec)
We are always preparing a new military package for Ukraine. As you know, we do these presidential drawdown packages essentially every couple of weeks. And I think you can anticipate that there will be a further announcement of additional resources and capabilities, additional weapons to go to Ukraine -- as they continue this counteroffensive and to defend against Russian attacks -- at some point next week. 25

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:06:11-00:06:37 (27 sec)
With respect to his speech, the President will have a substantial section of the speech devoted to the war in Ukraine. He will talk about the fundamental fact that the United Nations Charter -- the charter that founded the organization that everybody is gathering next week in New York to engage with -- speaks to the basic proposition that countries cannot attack their neighbors and steal their territory by force. 26

Jake Sullivan

Leans Positive
00:06:37-00:06:55 (18 sec)
That was also a proposition that was at the core of the G20 statement last weekend. It will be a set of principles that he lays out in the speech as he continues to advocate for the very large number of nations that have stood with Ukraine in the U.N. General Assembly to continue to stand with Ukraine. 27

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:06:55-00:07:16 (20 sec)
And he will connect the kind of cooperation we've seen across both the developed and developing world to support Ukraine at the General Assembly -- that we need to take that same kind of cooperation and apply it in other contexts as well where we can deliver for people on the hard global challenges that will be at the center of the agenda for next week. 28

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:07:16-00:07:16 ( sec)
Yeah. 29

Question

Very Positive
00:07:16-00:07:30 (14 sec)
Jake, what is the message that the White House believes that President Zelenskyy needs to deliver to Congress, particularly Republicans in the House, while he's in town to convince them to continue supporting U.S. military assistance to Ukraine? 30

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:07:30-00:07:58 (28 sec)
Frankly, I don't believe President Zelenskyy needs our advice to be an advocate for what Ukraine needs. He has proven over the course of the past 18, 19 months that there is no better advocate for his country, for his people, and for the urgent and continuing need for countries like the United States and our allies and partners to step up to provide the necessary tools and resources that Ukraine needs to be able to effectively defend itself. He will come do that this time, as he has done before. 31

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:07:58-00:08:13 (14 sec)
He's had the opportunity in Kyiv over the course of the past several months to host both Democrats and Republicans from both the House and the Senate. So, he is very much abreast of the perspective and the discussions that are taking place up on Capitol Hill. 32

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:08:13-00:08:30 (18 sec)
And I think he's looking forward to the opportunity not just to see President Biden here at the White House, but also to see congressional leaders from both parties to make the case that the United States has been a great friend and partner to Ukraine throughout this entire brutal war and that United States should continue to do that. 33

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:08:30-00:08:38 (8 sec)
We have confidence that there will be bipartisan support for this. I think President Zelenskyy does as well. And he wants to build momentum towards that as we head to the end of the month. 34

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:08:38-00:08:39 ( sec)
Yeah. 35

Question

Very Positive
00:08:39-00:08:48 (9 sec)
To that point, how do you have that confidence given the showdown on Capitol Hill? How can the President give assurances to President Zelenskyy that there will be additional funding? 36

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:08:48-00:09:00 (12 sec)
Look, President Biden doesn't build his Ukraine policy on assurances or promises; he builds it on delivering. And we have delivered multiple rounds of supplemental funding that passed with large bipartisan majorities. 37

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:09:00-00:09:20 (21 sec)
We believe, based on our consultations on the Hill, that there continues to be strong bipartisan support in both houses for continued funding because, frankly, Republicans and Democrats both recognize that the United States cannot -- in its own naked self-interest, let alone the moral obligations we have -- walk away from Ukraine at this critical moment. 38

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:09:20-00:09:35 (15 sec)
So, we believe that whatever other to-ing and fro-ing there is in the legislative context -- that at the end of the day, the United States will be able to continue to deliver for Ukraine and continue to be able to lead a diverse coalition of countries that are also stepping up to deliver. 39

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:09:35-00:09:53 (17 sec)
I -- I mentioned in my opening that Lloyd Austin is hosting another contact group meeting next week. And we expect to see other countries stepping up on air defense, on ammunition, on other capabilities increasingly -- that they are sharing the burden, our European partners and others, alongside the United States. 40

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:09:53-00:10:05 (12 sec)
And we're showing that to the Congress to say, "This isn't just about the United States alone. This is about the United States with the free world and friends of the free world stepping up together to continue to deliver for Ukraine." 41

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:10:05-00:10:05 ( sec)
Yeah. 42

Question

Positive
00:10:05-00:10:17 (12 sec)
Thanks, Jake. So, just to clarify: So, you're n- -- are you not concerned at all about Ukraine funding and extra aid getting kind of wrapped up or kind of mixed into the shutdown situation? 43

Jake Sullivan

Leans Negative
00:10:17-00:10:24 (7 sec)
I spend my life concerned about everything under the sun. As those of you who know me know, I never sleep easily at night about anything. 44

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:10:24-00:10:36 (12 sec)
The point I'm making is not about what's going to happen on a particular day, a particular vote, or, as I said before, the to-ing and fro-ing of the legislation. The point I'm making is to look at the bigger picture. 45

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:10:36-00:10:43 (7 sec)
In the bigger picture, I do believe that the United States will be there on a bipartisan basis to continue supporting the fight. 46

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:10:43-00:10:51 (8 sec)
And I don't know if you can say this, but can you talk -- do you anticipate that Zelenskyy will be meeting with McCarthy and Republican leaders as well on this trip, on this visit? 47

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:10:51-00:11:02 (11 sec)
I -- it's not for me to announce his meetings up on the Hill. I will say that we have every expectation that he will meet with both Democrats and Republicans from both branches of government on the Hill. 48

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:11:02-00:11:09 (7 sec)
What the nature of those meetings will be, who exactly will be in them, I will leave it to the leaders in the House and the Senate to -- to make their announcements. 49

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:11:09-00:11:09 (1 sec)
Yeah. 50

Question

Very Positive
00:11:09-00:11:23 (13 sec)
Thank you, Jake. I know you said the President is going to be meeting with Netanyahu next week when he's at UNGA. Is there a possibility that he'll meet with the Saudi Crown Prince as well to discuss the potential peace deal? 51

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:11:23-00:11:28 (6 sec)
I'm not aware that the Saudi Crown Prince is coming to the U.N. General Assembly, but we do not have a meeting scheduled with him for next week. 52

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:11:28-00:11:28 ( sec)
Yeah. 53

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:11:28-00:11:42 (14 sec)
Thanks, Jake. A little change of topic. In the UK, there was a staffer in the British Parliament who was arrested and charged on the suspicion of being a Chinese spy. Are you guys worried there might be such an infiltration here on Capitol Hill or in one of the U.S. agencies? 54

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:11:42-00:11:56 (14 sec)
I don't have any specific information with respect to that. But, of course, the United States takes very seriously the possibility of espionage by a wide range of countries, whether that's cyber-enabled, human, signals intelligence, you name it. 55

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:11:56-00:12:02 (6 sec)
And, you know, we have a counterintelligence enterprise across the U.S. government precisely to deal with that. 56

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:12:02-00:12:04 (3 sec)
But nothing specific to speak to at this time. 57

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:12:04-00:12:05 ( sec)
Yeah. 58

Question

Very Positive
00:12:05-00:12:22 (18 sec)
Thanks, Jake. A couple of questions. First, on the Houthi visit. You issued a statement welcoming that. How significant is this? And do you see the Saudis' role now moving from being a party to the war to more of a moderating -- or medi- -- mediating, rather, in the conflict in Yemen? 59

Question

Unknown
00:12:22-00:12:24 (2 sec)
And I have a question on Iran. 60

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:12:24-00:12:43 (19 sec)
We believe that the Houthi visit is a significant step. It is the first time we have seen this happen in a very long time. It comes in a moment when we are 18 months in now to a truce that has abated the violence in what had been the most violent and catastrophic conflict going, you know, a couple of years ago. 61

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:12:43-00:12:49 (6 sec)
And it has been a paramount priority of the Biden administration to deescalate and ultimately end that war. 62

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:12:49-00:12:54 (5 sec)
And we commend the government of Oman for what they have done to help facilitate this. 63

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:12:54-00:13:00 (5 sec)
We are working closely with the Yemeni and -- the Yemeni parties and the United Nations. 64

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:13:00-00:13:11 (12 sec)
And as far as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is concerned, we commend their leadership as well, because this is a big step forward for them. And we believe that they are trying to work to help bring about an end to this conflict. 65

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:13:11-00:13:21 (10 sec)
That would be good for everyone. It'd be good for Saudi. It'd be good for the rest of the countries in the region. It would certainly be good for the Yemeni people. And it would be good for the cause of peace and stability across the Middle East. 66

Question

Very Negative
00:13:21-00:13:43 (22 sec)
And on the first anniversary of Mahsa Amini's death, you also issued a statement reiterating everything that you have done in the last year -- whether it's keeping Iran out of the U.N. Human -- Human Rights Council in New York or putting 70 other officials on the sanction list. But we haven't seen anything to coincide with this one-year anniversary. 67

Question

Very Negative
00:13:43-00:13:51 (8 sec)
Do you think that anything that the administration might have announced would complicate the prisoners deal? Or do you see it separately? And why didn't you issue anything new? 68

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:13:51-00:14:19 (28 sec)
In fact, we are issuing today additional sanctions: more than two dozen additional entities and individuals involved in repression in Iran. And we'll continue to do that. We'll continue to sanction Iranian behavior, whether it is flouting basic norms of human rights contained in the Universal Declaration or it's relative to the work that Iran is doing to provide weapons to Russia to kill Ukrainian civilians. And -- and we'll have more designations on that in the coming days. 69

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:14:19-00:14:37 (19 sec)
So, we believe that we are capable, on the one hand, of taking the necessary steps to bring American citizens home -- who belong here at home, who have been wrongfully detained -- and also to hold Iran accountable for actions that they take that are contrary to international law and to the basic norms and principles that even Iran has signed up to at the United Nations. 70

Question

Unknown
00:14:37-00:14:39 (2 sec)
Follow on Iran. Follow on Iran. 71

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:14:39-00:14:40 ( sec)
Yeah. 72

Question

Very Positive
00:14:40-00:15:02 (22 sec)
On Ukraine, Ukrainians had hoped to come to New York after severing the land bridge in Crimea. What message does President Biden hope to send about calls in the developing world to negotiate settlement -- a sense of openness or no interest in that? And then on the Security Council, will President Biden and President Zelenskyy attend? 73

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:15:02-00:15:16 (15 sec)
So, with respect to calls for peace or negotiations, President Biden has been clear and will continue to be clear: The United States supports peace in Ukraine. But we support a just peace in Ukraine, and a just peace has to be based on the principles of territorial integrity and sovereignty. 74

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:15:16-00:15:47 (31 sec)
And incidentally, many of those countries that you're referring to in Africa and Southeast Asia and Latin America have actually reinforced the idea that they're not just generically calling for peace, they are calling for peace based on the very same principles that the United States supports: sovereignty, territorial integrity, and the proposition that you cannot simply rip off another country's territory by force and you can't attack civilian infrastructure and try to destroy grain or energy capabilities that are -- are sustaining human life and -- and the economy of Ukraine. 75

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:15:47-00:16:02 (15 sec)
So, we actually believe that we have, over the course of the past several months, built a strong engagement and dialogue with the Global South on what ultimately a just peace looks like. It does not seem that Russia is particularly serious about that at the moment. 76

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:16:02-00:16:13 (11 sec)
And so, our job, from our perspective, is to provide Ukraine with the tools it needs to be in the best possible position on the battlefield so that it can be in the best possible position at the negotiating table. 77

Jake Sullivan

Leans Negative
00:16:13-00:16:31 (18 sec)
And the last thing that I would say, and we say this not just at podiums, but to our partners in the Global South: Nothing about Ukraine without Ukraine. Nobody is going to negotiate Ukraine's future without Ukraine being the ones being the judge of their own decisions. Not us or anyone else imposing outcomes upon them. 78

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:16:31-00:16:31 ( sec)
Yeah. 79

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:16:31-00:16:32 ( sec)
On the Security Council -- 80

Question

Unknown
00:16:32-00:16:32 (1 sec)
So, just to follow up -- 81

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:16:32-00:16:35 (2 sec)
Oh, I'm sorry. What was the Security Council question? 82

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:16:35-00:16:39 (4 sec)
On the Security Council, will President Biden and President Zelenskyy attend? 83

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:16:39-00:16:45 (6 sec)
We don't currently have plans for the -- the President to be there, but I can't rule it out. But at the moment, I don't have anything to announce on that. 84

Question

Unknown
00:16:45-00:16:47 (2 sec)
And to just follow on those two questions -- 85

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:16:47-00:16:48 (1 sec)
Thank you, Jake. 86

Question

Unknown
00:16:48-00:16:56 (8 sec)
-- Jake. You mentioned the Global South, and I think there's a lot of concern from the Global South that Ukraine is taking up a lot of oxygen at this and previous UNGA. 87

Question

Neutral
00:16:56-00:17:07 (11 sec)
And so, wh- -- how would the President balance the needs of the Global South countries -- particularly, you know, on debt reduction and climate change, and so on -- and rally support for Ukraine at the same time? 88

Question

Very Positive
00:17:07-00:17:21 (14 sec)
And also, just to follow up on your point about making the General Assembly a more -- making the U.N. a more representative and demo- -- democra- -- democratic and effective body, where are we in terms of the President's support to reform the Security Council? 89

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:17:21-00:17:39 (18 sec)
The President, in his U.N. General Assembly speech last year, actually laid out his view that we need to add additional both permanent and non-permanent members to the U.N. Security Council and that we need a wider geographic represent- -- representation on the Security Council. He will reinforce and reiterate that commitment this year as well. 90

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:17:39-00:17:53 (14 sec)
And then, with respect to the question of how, on the one hand, we continue to support Ukraine full-throatedly and, on the other hand, we also make sure we're addressing the needs of the Global South developing countries, I'd say two things. 91

Jake Sullivan

Leans Negative
00:17:53-00:18:18 (25 sec)
First, these are connected. Because of the war, Russia's brutal invasion of Ukraine has caused ripple effects that impact food security, energy security, and other forms of harm to countries around the world. And so, ending this war on just terms, on the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity would serve the benefit not just of the Ukrainian people, but people everywhere. 92

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:18:18-00:18:48 (30 sec)
Secondly, we have shown we can walk and chew gum at the same time. We have strongly supported the Ukraine at the same moment that we've put forward ambitious proposals on World Bank reform, that we have led at the table on debt relief, that we have mobilized tens of billions of dollars for infrastructure needs in developing countries, that we've announced new significant projects in every significant corner of the world that is meant to deliver for the needs of people in those countries. 93

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:18:48-00:18:51 (3 sec)
And we're going to continue to do that. And the President's speech will reflect that as well. 94

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:18:51-00:18:51 ( sec)
Yeah. 95

Question

Very Positive
00:18:51-00:19:03 (12 sec)
Thank you, Jake. Yeah. Moscow said there was no agreement reached after the meetings in -- with North Korea and Eastern Russia. What's your evaluation of what we've seen during the last days? 96

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:19:03-00:19:09 (6 sec)
Look, we're not going to take their word for that or basically anything they say. We'll see what ex- -- actually ends up happening. 97

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:19:09-00:19:29 (20 sec)
Our view has been before the visit and after the visit that talks about the provision of weapons by North Korea to Russia to kill Ukrainians have been advancing and continue to advance. We don't -- I can't name a specific agreement for you today. But we take a look at that with a heavy dose -- heavy grain of salt. 98

Question

Very Positive
00:19:29-00:19:52 (23 sec)
And as for the meeting with Lula next week, will we -- will there be a moment to talk about the situation in Venezuela? What's your evaluation of how much progress has been made on the Venezuelan side for a change in the sanctions and the -- concerning progress in the elec- -- electoral -- on the electoral side in Venezuela? 99

Question

Unknown
00:19:52-00:19:59 (7 sec)
My question -- I rephrase it: Have you heard anything from Venezuela that brings you closer to reconsider sanctions? 100

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:19:59-00:20:21 (22 sec)
I'm not going to handicap the progress or characterize the progress. I'm just going to say what our position is and what we've communicated to the Venezuelans and have said publicly -- which is we are prepared, on a step-by-step basis, to provide sanctions relief to Venezuela as long as they are meeting milestones towards credible elections. And this has to be on the basis of reciprocity. 101

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:20:21-00:20:34 (13 sec)
They understand where we are on this. And time will tell whether, in fact, there is the possibility of moving forward along a roadmap that involves this kind of step-by-step set of actions on both sides. Time will tell. 102

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:20:34-00:20:35 ( sec)
Yeah. 103

Question

Very Positive
00:20:35-00:20:59 (25 sec)
Thank you -- thank you, Jake. I have a question on Russia, China, and North Korea. First question is Russia and China will work together to neutralize all sanctions against North Korea currently being posited by the U.N. Security Council. Are you satisfied with the current [inaudible] of the U.N. Security Council? 104

Question

Unknown
00:20:59-00:21:21 (22 sec)
And second question is: At the meeting between the President Putin and the Belarusian President Lukashenko yesterday, President Putin announced that cooperation between Russia and North Korea and Belarus. What signal do you think this sends? 105

Jake Sullivan

Leans Positive
00:21:21-00:21:32 (10 sec)
So, it's hard for me to characterize this trilateral cooperation. We'll -- we'll see what comes of that. That, at the moment, feels like words, but we'll see what it translates into in terms of actions. 106

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:21:32-00:21:56 (24 sec)
With respect to the U.N. Security Council, there are a number of U.N. Security Council resolutions that, as permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, both Russia and China have legal obligations to enforce and uphold. And it is the case that we have very real concerns based on what Russia has just done that they are going to live up to their basic responsibility as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council on the basis of those resolutions. 107

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:21:56-00:22:08 (12 sec)
So, we will continue in New York and here in Washington and working with both Tokyo and Seoul to continue to raise the fact that these resolutions are on the books and that they need to be enforced. 108

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:22:08-00:22:33 (25 sec)
I would not put Russia and China in precisely the same box on the question of North Korea. Obviously, Russia has taken this step forward. We are continuing to communicate to Beijing that we expect that they will uphold their responsibility with respect to the enforcement of these resolutions. And we will continue to press for further action in New York in response to provocations and -- and other steps that North Korea takes that are in violation of international law. 109

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:22:33-00:22:59 (25 sec)
Final point I would make: Yesterday, we held the first of our commitment to consult mechanism engagements at the National Security Advisor level in response to this meeting between Kim Jong Un and Putin. So, I spoke with my counterparts from Japan and South Korea. The three of us had the opportunity to compare notes on this and to coordinate what steps we will take in the coming days and weeks. 110

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:22:59-00:23:06 (7 sec)
So, we are very closely aligned on a trilateral basis to respond to anything that Russia chooses to do with North Korea on a going forward basis. 111

Question

Positive
00:23:06-00:23:06 ( sec)
Thanks, Jake. 112

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:23:06-00:23:06 ( sec)
Yeah. 113

Question

Positive
00:23:06-00:23:28 (21 sec)
Thanks a lot, Jake. I want to ask you about the communiqué concerning Ukraine that came out at the conclusion of the G20. The communiqué reads a lot differently than the communiqué that came out the prior year at the G20 in Bali, Indonesia. It is more neutral; it's tepid versus the prior communiqué that was released. 114

Question

Unknown
00:23:28-00:23:36 (8 sec)
What is the reaction that you've received from your Ukrainian counterpart to that statement that came out at the G20? 115

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:23:36-00:24:03 (27 sec)
I -- I have not received any kind of formal or, really, informal reaction from Ukraine with respect to the G20 communiqué. What they're focused on -- what Ukraine is focused on is the process that began in Copenhagen, continued in Jeddah, which is an opportunity for Ukraine itself to be able to engage with the countries of the Global South and find a way forward towards a common understanding of the principles upon which the just peace should be based. 116

Jake Sullivan

Very Negative
00:24:03-00:24:37 (34 sec)
And actually, the conversations in both Copenhagen and Jeddah bear a strong resemblance to the propositions that are laid down in that communiqué. First, the paramount centrality of territorial integrity and sovereignty. Second, the statement that it is totally unacceptable for any country to use force to violate the territorial integrity of another country. Third, that attacking grain infrastructure or civilian infrastructure should be totally off-limits. And fourth, the threat or use of nuclear weapons in a conflict like this should be inadmissible. 117

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:24:37-00:25:01 (24 sec)
Those four things, which all showed up in the G20 communiqué, all are powerful and, I would argue, in a way, not neutral statements in this context because those are all four things that really say to Russia, "What you are doing is not acceptable" -- are the -- are the same kind of four principles or premises that have been core to the conversation that Ukraine is having with its partners. 118

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:25:01-00:25:25 (24 sec)
So mainly, what they wanted to talk to me about in the aftermath of the G20 was: What was the nature of the conversation in the room? What is the attitude of key Global South countries about a just peace? And then, how do we take and build upon the engagements that Ukraine has had in that process and move forward from there consistent also with the principles that are laid out in Ukraine's own peace formula? 119

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:25:25-00:25:36 (11 sec)
So, that's how we've had the conversation so far. I think we're very much aligned on how we think about a constructive, effective engagement with Global South countries. And when I say "we," I mean Kyiv and Washington. 120

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:25:36-00:25:40 (4 sec)
And so, we'll continue to work down that line accordingly. 121

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:25:40-00:25:58 (18 sec)
And then just one other one here at home. With this push to get additional Ukraine funding, you acknowledged this year heading into the U.N. General Assembly, the dynamic is different. Last year, Democrats controlled both the House and Senate at this time. Now Republicans control the House. 122

Question

Neutral
00:25:58-00:26:08 (10 sec)
The dynamic being different -- does that make your job, the administration's job that much more difficult to move forward with trying to get the aid that you think is necessary for Ukraine? 123

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:26:08-00:26:17 (9 sec)
Last week, I had the chance to sit with the leadership -- Democratic and Republican -- in the Senate, the leadership and the chairs and rankings of the major national security committee -- committees. 124

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:26:17-00:26:26 (9 sec)
Yesterday, I had the chance to sit with the Democratic and Republican leadership in the House and the chairs and ranking members of the -- of the key committees. 125

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:26:26-00:26:39 (13 sec)
And I've got to say, in those conversations, I felt the basic vibe, so to speak -- the idea that the United States needs to come together on a bipartisan basis to support Ukraine -- felt as strong as it did a year ago on both sides of the aisle. 126

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:26:39-00:26:48 (9 sec)
But, of course, I acknowledge that there's a difference between this Congress and the last Congress. And we'll have to contend with that as we go through the discussions that will continue in the days ahead on how to get Ukraine the resources it needs. 127

Question

Positive
00:26:48-00:26:49 (1 sec)
Thanks, Jake. 128

Question

Unknown
00:26:49-00:27:00 (11 sec)
On the C5+1 summit at the U.N., are there specific asks or deliverables that the administration is seeking from this bloc? And secondly, should that be viewed as a signal to China that this -- this summit is happening? 129

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:27:00-00:27:23 (23 sec)
Look, this summit is not against any country. It is for a positive agenda that we want to work through with these countries. And so, on your question of deliverables, we do expect to have a joint statement at the end of it that will lay out, in key areas, concrete things that we intend to work on and do together, and the United States will bring to the table some resources to be able to do that effectively. 130

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:27:23-00:27:23 ( sec)
Yeah. 131

Question

Somewhat Negative
00:27:23-00:27:32 (9 sec)
Jake, I -- apologies if I missed it. But is the President not participating in Wednesday's Climate Summit? And if not, who will be dispatched from the U.S.? 132

Question

Very Positive
00:27:32-00:27:41 (8 sec)
And then, more largely, I know the Secretary-General said he wants folks to come with something ambitious and new. Will the U.S. have something ambitious and new to offer at that summit? 133

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:27:41-00:27:57 (17 sec)
So, currently, the President is not scheduled to participate in the -- in the U.N. Climate Summit on Wednesday. I will have to come back to you on who the U.S. representative is going to end up being, and I'll let that person speak to what the United States brings to that summit. 134

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:27:57-00:27:58 (1 sec)
Yeah. 135

Question

Leans Positive
00:27:58-00:28:20 (21 sec)
Thanks, Jake. Yesterday, we saw a report on China that the defense minister has been the subject to an investigation. We also saw the U.S. Ambassador to Japan quoting Shakespeare about something being "rotten in the state of Denmark" and saying that this minister hasn't been seen for three weeks. Do you have any information on that? Anything you can tell us? 136

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:28:20-00:28:22 (2 sec)
I don't have anything for you today on that. 137

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:28:22-00:28:22 ( sec)
Yeah. 138

Question

Positive
00:28:22-00:28:46 (24 sec)
Given the complex issues you've been talking about that the President is dealing with and given your role being such a close advisor, I want to ask you about how you would describe to us the impact on a personal level that the President is going through with the indictment of his son? And does it have anything that you can see that affects his ability to prepare or his focus on these issues as he's going into a consequential week? 139

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:28:46-00:29:05 (19 sec)
You don't have to take it from me; you heard directly from the President that he's focused on delivering for the American people. That's true in terms of what he's trying to get done here at home, and it's definitely true in terms of what he's trying to deliver in the way of security at the U.N. General Assembly in supporting Ukraine and moving forward. 140

Jake Sullivan

Somewhat Positive
00:29:05-00:29:09 (4 sec)
So, that's what he's focused on. That's where his mindset is. 141

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:29:09-00:29:19 (10 sec)
I had the opportunity to participate in the President's Daily Briefing today. And he was dialed in on the key issues that we're confronting and will continue to be as we head into the New York week next week. 142

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:29:19-00:29:21 (1 sec)
Last question. Yeah. 143

Question

Very Positive
00:29:21-00:29:29 (8 sec)
Thank you, Jake. Back on MBS. Did the President have an opportunity to speak to the Saudi Crown Prince in New Delhi, specifically about oil production over the next year? 144

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:29:29-00:29:45 (16 sec)
The President had a brief exchange with the Crown Prince. He didn't have a formal meeting, and I did not get into details on that topic or other topics. What he was really focused on at that meeting was the announcement of this economic corridor. 145

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:29:45-00:29:58 (13 sec)
But, of course, we are in regular contact at senior levels with Saudi Arabia about ensuring a stable and affordable supply of energy to global markets. And we'll continue that conversation in the days ahead. 146

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:29:58-00:29:59 (1 sec)
So -- 147

Question

Unknown
00:29:59-00:30:05 (6 sec)
The Chinese Vice President is going to be there. Are any U.S. officials going to meet with him? 148

Jake Sullivan

Unknown
00:30:05-00:30:16 (11 sec)
I don't have an announcement for you today. But stay tuned in case, you know, there is a -- a U.S. official who ends up seeing the Chinese Vice President. 149

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:30:16-00:30:18 (2 sec)
Thank you, Jake. 150

Question

Unknown
00:30:18-00:30:19 (1 sec)
One more? 151

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Positive
00:30:19-00:30:19 (1 sec)
Yeah. 152

Question

Very Positive
00:30:19-00:30:30 (11 sec)
On food security, just finally, the U.N. leadership is expecting to have talks on reviving the Black Sea grain deal. Does the White House have any optimism on the likelihood of that happening? 153

Jake Sullivan

Very Positive
00:30:30-00:30:35 (5 sec)
I think I said earlier I'm never optimistic about anything, which remains true in this context, as well. 154

Jake Sullivan

Slightly Negative
00:30:35-00:30:36 (1 sec)
But, no -- look -- 155

Question

Slightly Negative
00:30:36-00:30:37 (1 sec)
We're worried about you, Jake. [Laughter] 156

Question

Slightly Positive
00:30:37-00:30:38 ( sec)
Yeah. 157

Jake Sullivan

Somewhat Positive
00:30:38-00:30:39 (1 sec)
Thank you. 158

Question

Unknown
00:30:39-00:30:40 (1 sec)
Are you getting enough sleep? I mean -- 159

Jake Sullivan

Somewhat Positive
00:30:40-00:30:44 (3 sec)
It -- [laughter] -- thank you. Although -- 160

Question

Unknown
00:30:44-00:30:45 (2 sec)
He needs a vacation. 161

Jake Sullivan

Leans Negative
00:30:45-00:30:55 (10 sec)
It's -- you know, it's what Joyce said about Irish people, that they have an abiding sense of tragedy that sustains them through temporary periods of joy. [Laughter] It's -- that's my existence. 162

Jake Sullivan

Neutral
00:30:55-00:31:09 (14 sec)
Look, we don't see an immediate pathway back to this because, you know, Russia's excuses, answers on this just keep shifting. And what they all sort of betray is a base of -- a basic lack of willingness on their part to allow grain to free flowly -- flow freely to the world. 163

Jake Sullivan

Somewhat Positive
00:31:09-00:31:21 (12 sec)
We are going to continue to press on them. We are going to call on the rest of the world to do the same. We know the Turks are working hard at this; Guterres is working hard at this. So, we hope that they can generate an outcome. 164

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:31:21-00:31:23 (2 sec)
But the Russians are not giving us a huge amount of cause for optimism at this moment. 165

Jake Sullivan

Positive
00:31:23-00:31:25 (2 sec)
Thanks, everybody. 166

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:31:25-00:31:26 (1 sec)
Thank you for coming. 167

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:31:26-00:31:29 (3 sec)
Thank you, Jake. Okay, a couple of things before we take additional questions. 168

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:31:29-00:31:34 (5 sec)
The President, his senior staff, and officials across the federal government are monitoring the path of Hurricane Lee. 169

Karine Jean-Pierre

Positive
00:31:34-00:31:39 (5 sec)
Late last night, the President immediately approved Maine's emergency declaration to help the state prepare for the impacts of Hurricane Lee. 170

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:31:39-00:31:52 (13 sec)
Additionally, FEMA Administrator Criswell has been in contact with governors from New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. And FEMA has staged resources across New England to provide rapid federal assistance if needed. 171

Karine Jean-Pierre

Somewhat Positive
00:31:52-00:32:01 (8 sec)
Now, we encourage all of those in the path of this large and dangerous storm to remain alert, listen to local officials, and prepare for the impact. Visit Ready.gov for tips on how to prepare. 172

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:32:01-00:32:05 (5 sec)
The President and his entire administration stand ready to support communities which may be impacted. 173

Karine Jean-Pierre

Positive
00:32:05-00:32:15 (10 sec)
As you all know, today is the first day of Hispanic Heritage Month. It is a time to honor the history and contributions of the Hispanic community to our nation. 174

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:32:15-00:32:30 (15 sec)
Next Thursday, September 21st, President Biden will attend the 46th Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute Gala, and Vice President Harris will participate in a moderated conversation with young Latinos during the CHCI Leadership Conference. 175

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:32:30-00:32:40 (10 sec)
The First Lady will celebrate the start of Hispanic Heritage Month in Atlanta, Georgia, today at an event honoring trailblazing Latino leaders hosted by the Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. 176

Karine Jean-Pierre

Somewhat Positive
00:32:40-00:32:55 (14 sec)
And later today, Second Gentleman Douglas Emhoff and Small Business Administrator Isabel -- Isabella Casillas Guzman will also be visiting [DEL: Latino small owned businesses :DEL] [Latino-owned small businesses] in Washington, D.C., to highlight how Bidenomics is delivering for Latinos. 177

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:32:55-00:33:03 (8 sec)
Stay tuned, as we will have more to come through -- throughout the month about how the President's agenda is delivering for the Latino community. 178

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:33:03-00:33:15 (12 sec)
And finally, as Jewish communities in the United States and around the world prepare together at sundown for Rosh Hashanah, the President and the First Lady are extending their warmest wishes for a happy and healthy New Year. 179

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:33:15-00:33:27 (13 sec)
Last night, the President spoke to over 2,000 rabbis across the country, wishing them a happy New Year. To every Jewish -- Jewish family across America, Israel, and the world celebrating this evening and observing the High Holidays ahead, shana tovah. 180

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:33:27-00:33:29 (2 sec)
With that -- that's it. Go ahead, Aamer. 181

Question

Slightly Positive
00:33:29-00:33:46 (17 sec)
Thanks. Why did the President think it was important to dispatch Acting Labor Secretary Su and Gene Sperling now? The targeted strike is about a half -- half-day old now. Does this early action suggest that the President is worried about this situation quickly spiraling -- 182

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:33:46-00:33:46 ( sec)
So -- 183

Question

Unknown
00:33:46-00:33:48 (2 sec)
-- and impacting the broader economy? 184

Karine Jean-Pierre

Negative
00:33:48-00:34:01 (13 sec)
So, a couple of things. Let me just lay out a couple of things that the President said, and let me just start by saying, like, no one wants a strike, right? No one wants a strike. 185

Karine Jean-Pierre

Leans Positive
00:34:01-00:34:13 (12 sec)
But the President respects workers, as you heard from him. He respects workers' rights to use op- -- to use their options under the collective bargaining system and understands their frustration. 186

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:34:13-00:34:27 (15 sec)
The President believes the UAW, the Big 3 contract must lead to a vibrant auto -- auto future made in America that promotes good, strong middle-class jobs that a worker can raise a family on and where the UA- -- the UAW remains at the heart of our economy. 187

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:34:27-00:34:45 (17 sec)
So, the President appreciates that the parties have been coming together and working 24/7 and that companies have made their significant offers, but he believes that they must go further to ensure that record corporate profits mean a record contract for the UAW. 188

Karine Jean-Pierre

Positive
00:34:45-00:34:49 (5 sec)
And so, the negotiating parties are continuing their work. That's what we've heard from them. 189

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:34:49-00:34:57 (7 sec)
The UAW has made clear their desire to continue negotiations with the company on Saturday morning. That is tomorrow, as you all know. 190

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:34:57-00:35:24 (27 sec)
And as the President mentioned, to your question about Julie Su and -- the Acting Secretary and Gene Sperling, as you know, they have been active in this from very early on -- very early -- early days of -- of the negotiating process. They've been -- made themselves available for -- for conversations. And so, we have mentioned that multiple times. Gene Sperling has certainly played as a coordinator -- coordinator role from the White House. 191

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:35:24-00:35:43 (19 sec)
So, look, they are not -- I want to say one last thing is that negotiations are up to the parties to work out. That's why there's co- -- collective bar- -- bargaining system. They're not going to intervene or mediate -- or mediate. They're here to help in any way that is needed. 192

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:35:43-00:35:55 (12 sec)
Again, we have engaged with these parties from almost the beginning. It is -- want to make sure that we continue to be clear that we're -- we're here. The team stands -- the President's team stands to assist. 193

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:35:55-00:36:02 (7 sec)
But certainly, we are -- we are glad to hear that tomorrow -- that they're going to continue to have the conversation. 194

Question

Unknown
00:36:02-00:36:08 (6 sec)
So, it shouldn't be seen as a reflection of the President being overly concerned about the situation? This is just: They've been involved -- 195

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:36:08-00:36:08 (1 sec)
They've been involved. 196

Question

Unknown
00:36:08-00:36:10 (2 sec)
-- and this is just a further -- 197

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:36:10-00:36:25 (14 sec)
And we have said this before. We have -- we have -- we have talked about the President's engagement, how he has talked to the Big 3, how he's reached out to UAW. We have been -- we have -- we have been engaging with them for some time now. 198

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:36:25-00:36:35 (10 sec)
And so, look, this is -- this is something that we are going to leave to the parties, to continue to have these negotiations, to continue to have these -- these conversations. And I think it's important to do that. 199

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:36:35-00:36:45 (10 sec)
This is part of the collective bargaining system. This is what we believe has worked, right? We have seen it worked in the past. And we're going to encourage all the parties to continue to have this conversation. 200

Question

Somewhat Positive
00:36:45-00:36:52 (6 sec)
And just a brief second one. Would the President pardon or commute his son if he's convicted? 201

Karine Jean-Pierre

Leans Positive
00:36:52-00:37:00 (8 sec)
So, I've answered this question before. It was asked of me not too long ago, a couple of weeks ago. And I was very clear, and I said no. 202

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:37:00-00:37:01 (1 sec)
Go ahead, Mary. 203

Question

Very Positive
00:37:01-00:37:09 (8 sec)
Thanks. The President said today record profits for the automakers should mean record contracts for the UAW. Does that mean that he supports a 40 percent raise in these new contracts? 204

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:37:09-00:37:11 (2 sec)
I'm not going to get into the specifics. 205

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:37:11-00:37:25 (14 sec)
I mean, the President has always said that there should be -- that he believes in fair wages and fair benefits for workers. That is nothing new, right? He believes in making sure that workers are able to raise their family -- right? -- to be able to -- to have what they need to do that in a way that is very fair. 206

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:37:25-00:37:29 (4 sec)
And so, that's nothing new. The President has said that. 207

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:37:29-00:37:41 (11 sec)
Look, what we're going to continue to say is the President is going to urge the parties back to the table to hammer out a win-win agreement. That's what the President wants to see. 208

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:37:41-00:37:57 (16 sec)
We appreciate the parties continuing to do that on a 24/7 basis. And the President believes that the companies must go further, as -- as you just mentioned, to ensure that record profits mean a record contract. And it's simple as that. 209

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:37:57-00:37:58 (1 sec)
He wants -- 210

Question

Unknown
00:37:58-00:38:01 (3 sec)
Further than what they've already proposed? 211

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:38:01-00:38:02 (2 sec)
I'm not going to get into the specifics. 212

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:38:02-00:38:13 (11 sec)
What -- the President made himself very clear. We have always been really clear. He respects workers' rights to use their options for -- for collective bargaining. That's what we're -- we're seeing. 213

Karine Jean-Pierre

Unknown
00:38:13-00:38:21 (7 sec)
The collective bargaining system works. We've seen that happen multiple times in the last two years under this president. 214

Karine Jean-Pierre

Very Positive
00:38:21-00:38:31 (10 sec)
And -- and certainly he understands their frustration, but he's going to encourage -- continue to encourage to have that conversation and continuing to negotiate. 215

Question

Slightly Negative
00:38:31-00:38:36 (5 sec)
And can you tell us if the President has talked to his son since these charges came down yesterday? 216

Karine Jean-Pierre

Slightly Positive
00:38:36-00:38:50 (14 sec)
Yeah. There's nothing new here. As I've -- as I've been asked that question many times. I'm not going to get into private conversations that the President has with his family. I'm just not going to speak to it. 217

Question

Unknown
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