Religion has been a contentious topic on Capitol Hill in recent weeks.
Minnesota Democratic freshman Ilhan Omar posted several tweets that critics described as anti-Semitic. House Democrats, in response, passed an anti-hate resolution on Thursday after several days of debate. And on Friday, President Donald Trump controversially declared that the Democratic Party is “anti-Jewish.”
Roll Call dug into CQ’s member database for a look at the top five religious denominations of members in the 116th Congress. (Note: we do not include nonvoting members of Congress.) An overwhelming majority of lawmakers in both chambers identify with a Christian denomination.
Here’s the breakdown, from the fifth-largest to the largest:
Thirty-four lawmakers identify as Jewish.
- House —24 Democrats and two Republicans
- Senate — Seven Democrats and one independent
There are 39 members who identify as Methodists. (This total does not include members of the African Methodist Episcopal Church and the Church of the Nazarene.)
- House — 14 Democrats and 15 Republicans
- Senate — Three Democrats and seven Republicans
3. No specific Christian denomination
Sixty-six members identify as Christians but don’t specify a denomination. (This total does not include members who identify as Protestant, Evangelical Christian or Evangelical Protestant.)
- House — 22 Democrats and 36 Republicans
- Senate — One Democrat and seven Republicans
2. Baptist denominations
A total of 72 members identify as Baptists or Southern Baptists.
- House — 25 Democrats and 36 Republicans
- Senate — Two Democratic and nine Republicans
The largest denomination in Congress is Catholicism. There are 161 Catholic voting members. (One lawmaker is a Maronite Catholic, the rest identify as Roman Catholics.)
- House — 86 Democrats and 53 Republicans
- Senate — 12 Democrats and 10 Republicans
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Correction Monday, 2:28 p.m. | The numbers in an earlier version of this story was based on incomplete denomination data.