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Number of refugee resettlements hits new low

The US let in fewer refugees last fiscal year than during the final full year of the Trump administration

Afghan refugees arrive at Dulles International Airport on Aug. 27, after leaving Afghanistan as it fell to the Taliban.
Afghan refugees arrive at Dulles International Airport on Aug. 27, after leaving Afghanistan as it fell to the Taliban. (Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call file photo)

The United States resettled just 11,411 refugees last fiscal year, the lowest number in the history of the current program, falling far short of President Joe Biden’s promised goal of 62,500.

The final number is the culmination of a year during which the Biden administration struggled to revamp a refugee resettlement infrastructure that had been largely dismantled under former President Donald Trump.

The final count for fiscal 2021, which ended Sept. 30, failed to meet the resettlement program’s previous low of 11,814, reached in the final full year of the Trump administration.

“Our review of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program revealed that it will take some time to build back toward the numbers to which the president has committed,” said a State Department spokesperson, who confirmed the figures. “The rebuilding process is well underway and will enable us to support much increased admissions numbers in future years. ”

Biden did not announce his refugee admissions goal until April, leaving only a few months to resettle tens of thousands of refugees. The complex resettlement pipeline was also stymied by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which blocked many of the admissions steps that happen internationally.

“The numbers were not surprising, given the trends of recent months, but are still deeply distressing,” said Mark Greenberg, a senior fellow at the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute and former top official at the Administration for Children and Families, a Health and Human Services agency.

The final count also reflects the challenges the Biden administration faces as it attempts to resettle as many as 125,000 refugees in fiscal 2022, a goal formalized last month that dates to a Biden campaign promise.

[Biden to double refugee cap despite slow resettlement pace]

The annual refugee cap had been significantly reduced every year of the Trump administration until it sunk to 15,000, the lowest cap since the current resettlement program began in 1980.

“Despite the decimated infrastructure the Biden White House inherited, responsibility now sits with the new administration in terms of resettlement figures for this fiscal year,” Krish O’Mara Vignarajah, president of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, a resettlement agency, said in a statement.

“If we are to reach President Biden’s goal of welcoming 125,000 refugees, the administration must be aggressive and innovative in ramping up processing.”

The refugee admissions landscape has been complicated by the evacuation of thousands of vulnerable Afghans after the country’s collapse in August. Thousands have arrived in the U.S. under humanitarian parole but are not counted in the official refugee admissions numbers.

Last week, a stopgap government funding law provided $6.3 billion in emergency aid for the Afghan resettlement effort.

“It is equally important to highlight in a short amount of time in the same fiscal year, the United States has undertaken an historic airlift of U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents (LPR), Afghans who hold Special Immigrant Visas (SIVs), and vulnerable Afghans and their families,” the State Department spokesperson said.

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