Republicans and Democrats split sharply Tuesday over U.S. military officials' estimate of the time and money they have spent attempting to counter extremism and promote diversity.
James M. Inhofe of Oklahoma, the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, made public on Tuesday a recent letter from Army Gen. Mark Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, indicating that the armed forces dedicated nearly 6 million hours and about $1 million in additional expenses to training sessions focused on these issues since January 2021.
Most of that came during last February’s military “stand down,” when units at varying times of that month stopped their activities to have a conversation about race, violent extremism and the importance of an apolitical military, the letter showed.
But Milley’s letter also put the large number of hours in context.
“This averages to just over 2 hours per Service member in a total force of 2.46 million members and is comparable to other Joint Force periodic training requirements,” Milley said.
Milley’s missive was dated Jan. 6, 2022 — one year after the Capitol riot. About 15 percent of those charged for perpetrating that attack had military ties.
Milley’s letter was a response to a missive from Inhofe and 11 other GOP senators on the Armed Services Committee who had sought the information.
In a collective statement Tuesday, the senators said they were “alarmed” by the data and accused President Joe Biden of being “more focused” on enacting a “woke” agenda in the military than on confronting America’s adversaries.
In response, Anthony G. Brown, D-Md., an African American member of the House Armed Services Committee who has been outspoken on these issues, called the senators' statement a “dog whistle.”
The average of two hours that each servicemember focused attention on the race and extremism issues was too much, according to the GOP senators, and they framed the time commitment differently than Milley. Citing a Pentagon estimate from December of fewer than 100 documented cases of extremism in today’s force, the senators said that works out to 58,000 hours of training for every instance.
“We face real threats across the world, yet the Biden administration is more focused on promoting its leftist social agenda in the military instead of countering China, Russia and Iran or creating an effective counterterrorism plan,” said Inhofe, Roger Wicker of Mississippi, Deb Fischer of Nebraska, Tom Cotton of Arkansas, Mike Rounds of South Dakota, Joni Ernst of Iowa, Thom Tillis of North Carolina, Dan Sullivan of Alaska, Kevin Cramer of North Dakota, Rick Scott of Florida, Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee and Tommy Tuberville of Alabama.
“We are alarmed that so much training time and taxpayer money was devoted to a partisan, political agenda instead of recruiting, training and equipping the lethal force we need to defend this country,” they added. “The Department of Defense’s primary task is to protect Americans from foreign threats. If the Biden administration doesn’t make this a priority moving forward, we will use all tools at our disposal, including the annual defense authorization bill, to ensure that it does.”
Aides to Milley did not immediately reply to a request for comment on the GOP senators’ statement.
But Democrats, in statements to CQ Roll Call on Tuesday, hit back hard at the charges.
“It concerns me that these senators would choose to advance this narrative dog whistle during Black History Month, ignoring the valid concerns of servicemembers of color and minimizing the threat extremism poses to our national security,” said Brown. “I would encourage my colleagues to consider the messages they are sending to our young people in uniform, and rather than trying to score cheap political points with their base, work with the bipartisan coalition in Congress working to ensure our military is inclusive, reflects the face of our country and is able to respond to the very real threat posed by extremism.”
Likewise, California Democrat Jackie Speier, chair of the House Armed Services Military Personnel Subcommittee, noted that training about diversity and counterextremism matters in part because Black and Hispanic servicemembers have been found to be twice as likely to be investigated and court-martialed as their white counterparts.
“We must look at the data and accept that there is a problem with racial bias in our armed forces as well as the very real and dangerous threat that white supremacists and violent extremists pose to our national security, military readiness, and morale,” Speier said.
Looking at the total number of Americans convicted of extremist crimes in the last three decades, the University of Maryland’s National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, or START, has found that the portion of those criminals with military ties is just 12 percent.
But the number of convicted extremists with military connections in those years still totals 461 people. And in the last several years, their numbers have grown — even when the Jan. 6 rioters who served in the military are excluded from the tally, the START analysts reported last month.
Focusing on just the last decade, the START data shows that an annual average of 24 Americans with military connections were convicted of a crime of violent extremism. Although that figure is not huge, it is 400 percent above the previous decade’s annual average.
The overwhelming majority of these military-connected criminals — 84 percent — were veterans, not currently serving personnel, the data shows. Likewise, veterans predominated among the military-affiliated Capitol rioters of Jan. 6, 2021.
The START experts contend that when veterans or servicemembers commit such crimes, it tarnishes the military’s image and raises questions about its political impartiality. When people with military experience join radical groups, their operational and inspirational effect is larger than their relatively sparse numbers, the experts say, because of the combat training and aura of bravado people with military bona fides can bring.
“They have an outsized impact,” Bill Braniff, director of START, told reporters in December.
What’s more, the START study said it is important for the military to be a part of an effort — in tandem with nongovernmental organizations, they say — to address these issues while military personnel are in the service or in the reserves.
Such outreach to the troops should aim to “inoculate incoming service members (and future veterans) against extremist recruitment,” the START study said, and to “disseminate tailored awareness briefs about extremist narratives and recruitment techniques.”
Brown, meanwhile, noted that two hours a year is a comparatively negligible amount of time for the U.S. military to focus on such a critical issue, regardless of the fact that extremists form only a tiny portion of servicemembers and servicemembers form a small percentage of extremists.
“This is a bad-faith attack from Senate Republicans who conveniently ignore the impact that military culture and the threat of extremism in the ranks has on readiness, unit cohesion, and the wellbeing and safety of our servicemembers,” Brown said.